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Men-an-tol

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1006754

https://www.megalithic.co.uk/article.php?sid=7474

Many theories abound regarding the Men-An-Tol and Tolvan Stones. The first commonality is their megalithic origins. Both have the word, “tol,” however, it is not known if that is the original name for either stone. There are other menhirs all around England but they do not have holes in them.

Theories include:

1. They exist as energy centers or at lay-lines. So these would be power areas for magick or healing.

2. They could be marking borders.

3. They could be used to keep in or keep out other energetic entities.

4. Used as fertility symbols for the land and individual people.

5. Portals. People would pass bones and babies through the holes to remove curses or ensure fertility. It could be that these are also portals or were seen as portals.

6. They could have been ancient meeting sites, temple or places for sexual rites.

7. The two wand/phallic stone shapes along with the round hole conveys the same idea that is in some of the art of antiquity-two men and one female.

8. Marking a trade route or safe path so that people knew they were going toward food/water/shelter or heading in the right direction.

9. Some of the areas have fallen stones that look like slabs. These could be resting places for travelers, spots for sacrifice or sexual rites. Or, as one You Tuber pointed out, it could have been a floor of some kind.

10. The stones could have also been there already and they were manipulated/carved.

11. To give certain visual perspective-especially when combined with the holes.

12. Place of astronomy or celestial observation.

13. Used for divination.

14. To mark an important event or visitor.

15. Used as markers for travel or locate a path or locate objects.

16. Monuments of battle.

17. Markers for seizing. So like modern thieves will mark a house, these markers could have been used to mark good places to plunder or conquer.

18. Markers of conquered land or given.

20. Markers for villages or supplies.

21. Acoustic experimentation.

22. Or if these were made by giants, they could be what remains of their weapons.

23. They could also denote places for healing.

24. They could be signaling the predominant gender in the area or the predominant gender of enemies.

25. Another meaning of Vaen can mean “guilt” or “punishment” so these could have been early places of punishment and death sentences. That could explain the high proportion of men in the tombs. What we would need to know is the manner of death. If they were consistent then the bloodlines ties would suggest that subsequent generations or members of the family also had to die for the crime. This would be difficult to know or prove since they had no written record and did not leave drawings.

In Cornish, the term for Tolvan is Tot Vaen. Among other languages, the word “vaen” means enemy or hostile. However, there are variations of the word that mean infection or evil.

Vaen is also a district in Iran so Tot Vaen could denote a “little Iran” or that the people in that area come from the Vaen District in Iran.

IIf I was to investigate megaliths further, I would:

1. Trace the correlations between Brittany, England and the other global locations. Then look for mehirs in other areas and in the ocean.

2. See the areas overhead and create maps. Compare the maps to known ancient cities and events.

3. With the maps, see if there is some sort of design or pattern that can be seen.

4. Check for record of removed or displaces menhirs in areas with any sort of concentration of them or if there is a point missing from the map that had been expected or would fill in a shape.

5. Take samples from each site to carbon date the stone and soil.

6. Map what is in the middle of all of the locations. It could lead to the location of an important place (like Atlantis or some other important location) or show a path of travel or the location of important artifacts.

7. How people in the tombs died and if they are contemporary or multiple generations. 

The locations mapped below would seem to indicate markers for sailors. Perhaps where to land, worship and even bury their dead.

One question I would have for the common graves would be if they have common dates of death as a whole or even for groups?

https://www.tifr.res.in/~archaeo/papers/Prehistoric%20astronomy/Megaliths%20in%20Ancient%20India.pdf

My initial research shows far more megalith sites in the Netherlands than anywhere else. I would contend that the origin for these was in the Netherlands and not in France. What should not be ignored in relation to megaliths is that they each could have served a different purpose.Most of the megaliths in the Netherlands, called hunebedden, could be different from those in France even if they look similar.

The term “hunebedden” means beds for giants. If the ancient Formorians were indeed giants beyond the height of tall humans, then it gives a new sexual connotation/use for the circles and phallic symbols.

One of the highest concentration of Dolmens (stone tables) is found in the Korean Peninsula. Many of the international names for dolmens seems to involve giants.

Could these be from the ancient Formorians/Nephilim? Or simply imaginative origins for man-made structures? If extra-terrestrial in origin, the giant myth would also make sense.

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/articles/europe-megalithic-monuments-france-sea-routes-mediterranean-180971467/

 

The burial information is of note because it also highlights that partriarchy or dominance of patrilineal lines had taken root. What I would like to know is where the females had been buried or if there was a drop in female population? Any instance of faminine or infanticide or sacrifice where females were lost could explain the high number of males within the tombs. I am also curious as to why we do not see a greater admixture of genetic material or specimens among the dead? Are these revered individuals because they had land and could therefore afford a tomb (akin to a modern family crypt)?

 

 

https://dash.harvard.edu/bitstream/handle/1/37945002/HOLMBERG-DISSERTATION-2017.pdf?sequence=4&isAllowed=y

What I find particularly interesting is that there is mention of gold that may have served as a covering for the eyes of the dead.

 

I would think that some sort of navigational reason would serve the coast better but seeing as word would spread with trade routes, I could easily see these sites existing as knowledge and religious stations.